The report examines the historical trajectory of coal-dependent local economies in Mpumalanga with a focus on Steve Tshwete and Emalahleni. Based on this analysis, it charts possible futures by considering opportunities that would foster economic diversity. The report covers the past and present economic structure of coal-based municipalities in South Africa, and unpacks existing assets (that which supports new economic opportunities) and liabilities (barriers to diversification such as legacy contamination of land and water). It then looks forward by diving into possible economic activities that could provide the basis for diversification and restoration, and concludes with policy implications.

Download the full report here.

A second report is available here: Local government toolbox for a just energy transition in South Africa.